Formation of Nirvana:
Kurt Cobain met Krist Novoselicin in 1985 Aberdeen, Washington, a small town 100 miles away from Seattle.
While Novoselic came from a relatively stable background, Cobain’s childhood had been thrown into turmoil when his parents divorced when he was eight. During his Adolescence he developing a love for the Beatles and heavy metal. Eventually.
American hardcore punk worked its way into dominating his listening habits and he met the Melvins, an American sludge metal band. Cobain and Novoselicin trying their luck and after few false Created the first incarnation of what would eventually become Nirvana.
Cobain says: The name Nirvana was chosen because "I wanted a name that was kind of beautiful or nice and pretty instead of a mean, raunchy punk rock name like the Angry Samoans".
In March 1988 Nirvana played their first show under that name. And a few months latter the band finally settled on a drummer, Chad Channing .
The Album Bleach:
The title of this album was Too Many Humans. Officially it was named Bleach in February 1989 after the band's singer Kurt Cobain found an AIDS prevention poster while Nirvana was driving through San Francisco. The poster advised heroin addicts to bleach their needles before use, featuring the slogan "Bleach Your Works".
The main sessions for Bleach took place at Reciprocal Recording Studios in Seattle, Washington, with local producer Jack Endino manning the board. The sessions took place in December 1988 and January 1989. They cost a total of $606.17, which was supplied by soon-to-be second guitarist Jason Everman, though he did not perform on the album. Nine of the tracks on the final album were recorded during these sessions.
"Love Buzz" was released as Nirvana's first single, with "Big Cheese" as the B-side, in October 1988. This was Sub Pop's first release on their "Single of the Month" club. The version of "Love Buzz" on the single is different than the album version, and features a sound collage introduction created by Kurt Cobain. Only 1000 copies of this single were pressed, each individually hand numbered, making it very sought after by Nirvana fans. In addition to the numbered copies, 100-200 more unnumbered copies exist. Most of them include a red slash where the number is on the official copies.
The "Blew" EP was released through Tupelo Records in December 1989 and included the songs "Blew", "Love Buzz", "Been a Son" and "Stain". The two non-album songs were recorded in September 1989.
After recommendation from Kim Gordon from Sonic Youth Nirvana signed up with DGC RECORDS in 1990.
Nirvana started to record their second album under a "real" company. the result was Nevermind, one of the biggies albums in the rock industry.
For two months the band collected song's for the album including "In Bloom" and "Breed" which played as the repertoire of the band, and otther songs as "On a Plain" and "Stay Away".
After finessing the recording of the album, Cobain and Butch Vig started to mix the album. After a few day's of work the band didn't like the way it sounded, so they searched for another person to do the job. DGC gave them a list of famous names from the industry. The first was Scott Litt (R.E.M) But Cobain didn't wan't the album to sound like any other band's album so he took the last person from the list Andy Wallace (Slayer-Seasons in the Abyss)
For 1993's In Utero, the band brought in producer Steve Albini, Cobain told Request magazine in 1993, "For the most part I wanted to work with him because he happened to produce two of my favorite records, which were Surfer Rosa [by the Pixies] and Pod [by the Breeders]."
As Nevermind had brought in a new audience of listeners who had little or no experience with the alternative, obscure, or experimental bands Nirvana saw as their forebears.
Bringing in Albini appeared to be a deliberate move on Nirvana's part to give the album a raw, less-polished sound. For example, one song on In Utero featuring long periods of shrill feedback noise was titled, ironically, "Radio Friendly Unit Shifter" (in the industry, a "radio-friendly unit shifter" describes an "ideal" album: one capable of heavy radio play and ultimately selling many copies, or "units").
However, Cobain insisted that Albini's sound was simply the one he had always wanted Nirvana to have: a "natural" recording without layers of studio trickery. The sessions with Albini were productive and notably quick, and the album was recorded and mixed in two weeks for a cost of $25,000 at Pachyderm Studios in Cannon Falls, Minnesota.
Nirvana started the record of In Utero in Pachyderm Studio in February 1993 . Albini didn't meet the band until the first day of recording, though he had spoken to the band beforehand about the type of album they wanted to make. Albini observed that "they wanted to make precisely the sort of record that I'm comfortable doing.
"Before embarking on the sessions, the band send to Albini tape of demos the had cut in Brazil in January 1993. The only others present for the duration of the session were Robert S Weston IV (studio maintenance technician), Carter Nicole Launt (chef) and her dog, Z. During the sessions Albini instituted a strict policy of ignoring everyone except for the band in order to prevent the band's managers and label from interfering.
A few weeks after the completion of the recording sessions, stories ran in the Chicago Tribune and Newsweek that quoted sources claiming DGC considered the album "unreleasable." As a result, fans began to believe that the band's creative vision might be compromised by their label. While the stories about DGC shelving the album were untrue, the band actually was unhappy with certain aspects of Albini's mixes. Specifically, they thought the bass levels were too low, and Cobain felt that "Heart-Shaped Box" and "All Apologies" did not sound "perfect".
In Utero debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 album chart in September 1993. Time's Christopher John Farley wrote in his review of the album, "Despite the fears of some alternative-music fans, Nirvana hasn't gone mainstream, though this potent new album may once again force the mainstream to go Nirvana."
Former (or proposed) Band names:
* Fecal Matter (1985)
* Skid Row
* Ed Ted and Fred
* Kurt (Donald) Cobain - vocals, guitar (1987–1994)
* Krist Novoselic - bass (1987–1994)
* Dave Grohl - drums, vocals (1990–1994)
* Aaron Burckhard - drums (1987–1988)
* Dale Crover - drums (1988, 1990)
* Dave Foster - drums (1988)
* Chad Channing - drums (1988–1990)
* Jason Everman - guitar (1989)
* Dan Peters - drums (1990)
* Pat Smear - guitar (1993–1994)
* Lori Goldston - cello (1993–1994)
* Melora Creager - cello (1994)
Year Album 1989 Bleach* (Sub Pop) 1991 Nevermind* (DGC) 1992 Incesticide (DGC) 1993 In Utero* (DGC) 1994 MTV Unplugged in New York (DGC) 1996 From the Muddy Banks of the Wishkah (DGC) 2002 Nirvana (DGC) 2004 With the Lights Out (DGC) 2005 Sliver: The Best of the Box (DGC)
*The band has released three studio albums
* Love Buzz
* Candy / Molly's Lips
* Here she come now
* Smells Like Teen Spirit (sound clips)
* Come as you are (sound clips)
* Lithium (lyrics, sound clips)
* In Bloom
* Puss / Oh, the guilt
* Heart-Shaped Box (sound clips)
* All Apologies
* Pennyroyal Tea
* About A Girl (sound clips)